Udzungwa Mountains National Park is a relatively small national park in Tanzania with a size of 1,990 km2 (770 miles2) nearby Mikumi and Selous National Park. The habitats contained within the national park include tropical rainforest, mountain forest, grassland and steppe. There is a vertical height range of 250 – 2,576 metres (the peak of Lohomero). There are more than 400 bird species, 2500 plant species (25% of which are endemics) and 6 primate species. It has the second largest biodiversity of a national park in Africa. Six primate species have been recorded, five of which are endemic. The Iringa red colobus and Sanje crested mangabey are only found in the Udzungwa Mountains National Park, the mangabey species was undetected by biologists prior to 1979.
Tourism in the Udzungwa Mountains National Park revolves around hiking and trekking, as the park has no roads and is accessible only on foot. The hiking trails range in difficulty from the short one-hour Sonjo trek to the extremely challenging 6-day camping trek the Lumemo Trail. The most common walk is the Sanje Waterfalls trail which takes approximately four hours to complete and allows the visitor access to the stunning 170 m waterfall and includes swimming in the waterfall plunge pools as part of the activity. Accommodation for visitors within the park is only possible on a camping basis as there are no lodges within the park borders. Within the nearby village of Mang’ula there are also a couple of local guesthouses providing a budget option.
Udzungwa mountains are part of the eastern arc mountains. The national park borders Mikumi National Park, Ruaha National Park and Selous National Park. It can be reached while on safari to the neighboring parks or by Jeep from Daressalaam. The vegetation in this forest includes tropical rainforest, mountain forest, and grasslands. There are no roads within the park, making it a great hiking spot. It’s an excellent opportunity for you to see the diverse flora and fauna. Udzungwa is home to many animals and plants. Deep inside the forest you will see elephants, baboons, leopards, buffaloes, hunting dogs, and many butterflies. There are 6 monkey species and more than 400 species of birds. Many rivers flow within this park. The great Ruaha River separates the Udzungwa Mountains and the Rubeho Mountain. You will find many spray toads around the banks of river Kihansi, which were extinct for a short time. Scientists reintroduced them through breeding. There are also many varying trekking routes. The most popular trail leads to the Sanje Waterfalls which takes about four hours. Sanje Waterfalls are the highest waterfalls in Tanzania. The water plunges 170 meters down creating a big pool that’s perfect for swimming. At the top of the hill close to the waterfall, you will have a great view of the widespread plains. The view is spectacular and relieving after the long hike.